We have collected some readings for anyone hoping to better understand the nature and causes of philosophy’s lack of inclusiveness. We are always looking for more resources to add to this page, especially for resources on inclusion in the European context. If you have any suggestions that you would like to see added here, please get in touch.


The old EPSA Newsletter used to include a three-minute interview with a female philosopher of science to discuss what's good, what's bad, and what can still change for women and other under-represented groups in the profession. The interview series continues to be published here on our website.

Anthologies, Monographs, and Special Issues


  • Adleberg, Toni, Morgan Thompson, and Eddy Nahmias (2015). Do Men and Women Have Different Philosophical Intuitions? Further Data, Philosophical Psychology 28 (5), 615–641.
  • Altorf, Marije (2012). After Cursing the Library: Iris Murdoch and the (In)visibility of Women in Philosophy. Hypatia 26(2), 384–402.
  • Antony, Louise (2012). Different Voices or Perfect Storm: Why Are There So Few Women in Philosophy? Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3), 227–255.
  • Beebee, Helen, and Saul, Jennifer (2021). BPA/SWIP Report: Women in Philosophy in the UK.

  • Benetreau-Dupiny, Yann and Guillaume Beaulac (2015). Fair Numbers: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy. Ergo 2(3).
  • Botts, Tina Fernandes, Liam Kofi Bright, Myisha Cherry, Guntur Mallarangeng and Quayshawn Spencer (2014). What is the State of Blacks in Philosophy? Critical Philosophy of Race 2(2), 224-242.   
  • Bright, Liam Kofi (2017). Decision Theoretic Model of the Productivity Gap. Erkenntnis 82, 421–442.
  • Calhoun, Cheshire (2009). MUSINGS. The Undergraduate Pipeline Problem. Hypatia 24 (2), 216–223.
  • Conklin, Sherri Lynn, Irina Artamonova, and Nicole Hasoun (2019). The State of the Discipline: New Data on Women Faculty in Philosophy. Ergo 6. 
  • De Cruz, Helen (2018). Prestige Bias: An Obstacle to a Just Academic Philosophy. Ergo 5.
  • Dembroff, Robin (forthcoming). Cisgender Commonsense and Philosophy’s Transgender Trouble. Transgender Studies Quarterly.  
  • Dotson, Kristie (2011). Concrete Flowers: Contemplating the Profession of Philosophy. Hypatia 26(2), 403–409.
  • Dotson, Kristie (2011). Tracking Epistemic Violence, Tracking Practices of Silencing. Hypatia 26(2), 236–257.
  • Dougherty, Tom, Samuel Baron and Kristie Miller (2015). Female Under-Representation Among Philosophy Majors: A Map of the Hypotheses and a survey of the Evidence. Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 1(1), 1-30.  
  • Figdor, Carrie and Matthew Drabek (2016). Experimental Philosophy and the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy. In Wesley Buckwalter and Justin Sytsma (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, 590–602.
  • Gines, Kathryn (2011). MUSINGS: Being a Black Woman Philosopher: Reflections on Founding the Collegium of Black Women Philosophers.Hypatia 26(2), 429–437.
  • Goguen, Stacey (2018). Is Asking What Women Want the Right Question? Underrepresentation in Philosophy and Gender Differences in Interests. Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review 57(2), 409-441. 
  • Haslanger, Sally (2008). Changing the Ideology and Culture of Philosophy: Not by Reason (Alone). Hypatia 23(2), 210–223.
  • Hengel, Erin (forthcoming). Publishing While Female: Are Women Held to Higher Standards? Evidence from Peer Review. Working Paper. 
  • Kidd, Ian James (2015). Unthinkable: Why Should Men Care about Gender Inequality? The Irish Times, 17 March 2015.
  • Krishnamurthy, Meena, Shenyi Liao, Monique Deveaux, and Maggie Dalecki (forthcoming). The Underrepresentation of Women in Prestigious Ethics Journals. Hypatia.
  • Lee, Carole J. and Christian D. Schunn (2011). Social Biases and Solutions for Procedural Objectivity. Hypatia 26(2), 352–373.
  • Leslie, Sarah-Jane, Andrei Cimpian, Meredith Meyer, and Edward Freeland (2015). Expectations of Brilliance Underlie Gender Distributions Across Academic Disciplines. Science 347(6219), 262–265.
  • Leuschner, Anna (2019). Why So Low? On Indirect Effects of Gender Bias in Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 50(3), 231-249.  
  • Norlock, Kathryn J. (2006). Women in the Profession: A More Formal Report to the APA-CSW.
  • Norlock, Kathryn J. (2011). Update on the Report to the APA-CSW from 2006.
  • Paxton, Molly, Carrie Figdor, and Valerie Tiberius (2012). Quantifying the Gender Gap: An Empirical Study of the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy. Hypatia 27(4), 949–957.
  • Poltera, Jacqui (2011). MUSINGS: Women and the Ethos of Philosophy: Shedding Light on Mentoring and Competition. Hypatia 26(2), 419–428.
  • Rubin, Hannah and Cailin O’Connor (2018). Discrimination and Collaboration in Science. Philosophy of Science 85(3), 380-402.  
  • Schwitzgebel, Eric and Carolyn Dicey Jennings (2017). Women in Philosophy: Quantitative Analyses of Specialization, Prevalence, Visibility, and Generational Change. Public Affairs Quarterly 31, 83-105.  
  • Shorter-Bourhanou, Jameliah (2017). Legitimizing Blacks in Philosophy. Journal of World Philosophies 2(2). 
  • Thompson, Morgan (2017). Explaining the Gender Gap in Philosophy. Philosophy Compass 12(3). 
  • Thompson, Morgan, Toni Adleberg, Sam Sims and Eddy Nahmias (2016). Why Do Women Leave Philosophy? Surveying Students at the Introductory Level. Philosophers’ Imprint 16.  
  • Thompson, Morgan (2017). Explaining the Gender Gap in Philosophy. Philosophy Compass 12(3), e12406.
  • Wylie, Alison (2009). Women in Philosophy: The Costs of Exclusion. Hypatia 26(2), 374–382.

      Online Resources

      • APA Newsletters: A collection of newsletters on Feminism and Philosophy, Asian and Asian-American Philosophers and Philosophies, Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy, Native American and Indigenous Philosophy, Philosophy and the Black Experience, and LGBTQ Issues in Philosophy. 
      • The Question of Inclusion in Philosophy: A Zoom discussion about racism and ableism in philosophy with Shelley Tremain, Linda Martin Alcoff, Charles Mills, Matt LaVine and Dwight Lewis.
      • Dialogues on Disability: A series of interviews conducted by Shelly Tremain with disabled philosophers about a range of topics, including their philosophical work on disability.

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